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 "What's the history of Canada Day?"

Formerly called 'Dominion Day,' Canada Day is Canada's national day, a federal statutory holiday, celebrating the anniversary of the July 1, 1867 enactment of the British North America Act of 1867.

The enactment united Canada as a single country of four provinces. Frequently referred to as "Canada's birthday," the occasion marks the joining of the British colonies of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Province of Canada (now Ontario and Quebec) into a federation of four provinces.

However, though Canada is regarded as having become a dominion in its own right on that date, the British Parliament at first kept limited rights of political control over the new country, which were shed by stages over the years until the last vestiges were released in 1982, when the Constitution Act patriated the Canadian constitution. At that same time Dominion Day was renamed Canada Day.

Canada's centennial in 1967 is also often seen as an important milestone in the history of Canadian patriotism, and in Canada's maturing as a distinct, independent country, after which Dominion Day, now Canada Day, became more popular with average Canadians.